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December 7 2021
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Legislation

Oregon’s decision to drop high school graduation ‘essential skill’ requirements


Story by Elizabeth Miller

Story   Source

Published on September 20, 2021 11:56 AM
 
 
Despite all of the media coverage and backlash to the legislation, there’s been little attention on what led to the change, and how it will impact Oregon students over the next three years. From 2012 to 2019, in order to graduate with an Oregon diploma, students had to show proficiency in nine “Essential Skills” including reading, writing, math, critical thinking, technology usage, and civic and community engagement
 
Senate Bill 744 orders a review of state graduation requirements and suspends a requirement that Oregon students in the classes of 2022, 2023 and 2024 show proficiency in Essential Learning Skills in order to graduate. The new law passed the Oregon Legislature back in June without much fanfare, with a handful of testimony both in favor and against the bill.

But about a month after its signing, newspaper articles and editorials started highlighting the bill, saying Oregon students don't have to prove they can read, write, or do math anymore. It started in Oregon before blowing up to national and international coverage. Oregon House Minority leader Christine Drazen appeared on Fox News to talk about ..

Senate Bill 784

The Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act, commonly known as House Bill 2 or HB2, was a North Carolina statute passed in March 2016 and signed into law by Governor Pat McCrory. The bill amended state law to preempt any anti-discrimination ordinances passed by local communities and, controversially, compelled schools and public facilities containing single-gender washrooms to only allow people of the corresponding sex as listed on their birth certificate to use them; it also gave the state exclusive rights to determine the minimum wage. The bathroom portion of the bill generated immense criticism for preventing transgender people who did not or could not alter their birth certificates from using the restroom consistent with their gender identity , and for changing the definition of sex in the state's anti-discrimination law to 'the physical condition of being male or female, which is stated on a person's birth certificate.' The removal of municipal anti-discrimination protections was also criticized, as state-level protections do not explicitly cover discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. Opponents of the bill described it as the most anti-LGBT legislation in the United States, while proponents of HB2 called it 'common sense' legislation.

HB2 was met with widespread protests: state, county and city governments across the United States forbade their employees from non-essential travel to North Carolina; numerous corporations and firms curbed plans to hold events and create jobs in the state, and many performers canceled performances in North Carolina to boycott the state; North Carolina's economy lost over $400 million in investments and jobs. The bill was also criticized by several religious organizations, and President Barack Obama denounced it and called for its repeal. McCrory ultimately lost his bid for re-election in 2016 to Democratic Attorney General Roy Cooper, a vocal critic of the law.

The portion of the law regarding bathroom use was repealed on March 30, 2017, with the passage of House Bill 142 . The remainder of HB2, which barred local governments from passing anti-discrimination ordinances, was repealed on December 1, 2020 by a sunset provision, which was inserted below the partial repeal in House Bill 142, passed on March 30, 2017.

In response to the full repeal on December 1, 2020, many local governments across North Carolina almost immediately enacted local laws to protect LGBT people from discrimination and other local governments are considering passing s

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